I do not know how you feel about it, but you were female in your last earthly incarnation.
You were born somewhere around territory of modern Northern England approximately on 1050.
Your profession was builder of roads, bridges, docks.
Your brief psychological profile in that past life:
Person with huge energy, good in planning and supervising. If you were just garbage-man, you were chief garbage-man.
Lesson, that your last past life brought to present:
You are bound to solve problems of pollution of environment, recycling, misuse of raw materials, elimination of radioactivity by all means including psychological methods.
4. Theodora, Byzantine
Mary Wollstonecraft, the daughter of a handkerchief weaver, was born in Spitalfields, London in 1759. The family moved a great deal during Mary’s childhood and she lived for periods at Epping, Barking, Beverley, Hoxton, Walworth and Laugharne in Wales.
In 1784 Mary Wollstonecraft opened a school in Newington Green, a small village close to Hackney, with her sister Eliza and a friend, Fanny Blood. Soon after arriving in Newington Green, Mary made friends with Richard Price , a minister at the local Dissenting Chapel. Price and his friend, Joseph Priestly , were the leaders of a group of men known as Rational Dissenters.
Price had written several books including the very influential Review of the Principal Questions of Morals (1758) where he argued that individual conscience and reason should be used when making moral choices. Price also rejected the traditional Christian ideas of original sin and eternal punishment. As a result of these religious views, some Anglicans accused Rational Dissenters of being atheists.
Although Mary was brought up as an Anglican , she soon began attending Richard Price’s chapel. Price held radical political views and had encountered a great deal of hostility when he supported the cause of American independence. At Price’s home Mary Wollstonecraft met other leading radicals including the publisher, Joseph Johnson. He was impressed by Mary’s ideas on education and commissioned her to write a book on the subject. In Thoughts on the Education of Girls , published in 1786, Mary attacked traditional teaching methods and suggested new topics that should be studied by girls. Two years later Wollstonecraft helped Johnson to found the journal Analytical Review.
In November, 1789, Richard Price preached a sermon praising the French Revolution. Price argued that British people, like the French, had the right to remove a bad king from the throne. Edmund Burke , was appalled by this sermon and wrote a reply called Reflections on the Revolution in France where he argued in favour of the inherited rights of the monarchy. Wollstonecraft was upset by Burke’s attack on her friend and she decided to defend him by writing a pamphlet A Vindication of the Rights of Man . In her pamphlet Wollstonecraft not only supported Price but also pointed out what she thought was wrong with society. This included the slave trade, the game laws and way that the poor were treated.
The publication of A Vindication of the Rights of Man brought Wollstonecraft to the attention of other radical thinkers such as Tom Paine , John Cartwright , John Horne Tooke , William Godwin and William Blake . Wollstonecraft met several of these men including Godwin who was busily writing a book on Political Justice . In 1791 the first part of Tom Paine’s Rights of Man was published. This book created a burst of radical activity and although Paine was forced to flee the country, others were determined to carry on the struggle in England. Soon after Rights of Man appeared, two of Britain’s leading Rational Dissenters, Richard Price and Joseph Priestly , formed the Unitarian Society , an organisation that was to have a profound influence on religious and political ideas in Britain.
The following year Mary Wollstonecraft published her most important book, Vindication of the Rights of Women . In the book Wollstonecraft attacked the educational restrictions that kept women in a state of “ignorance and slavish dependence.” She was especially critical of a society that encouraged women to be “docile and attentive to their looks to the exclusion of all else.” Wollstonecraft described marriage as “legal prostitution” and added that women “may be convenient slaves, but slavery will have its constant effect, degrading the master and the abject dependent.”
The ideas in Wollstonecraft’s book were truly revolutionary and caused tremendous controversy. One critic described Wollstonecraft as a “hyena in petticoats”. Mary Wollstonecraft argued that to obtain social equality society must rid itself of the monarchy as well as the church and military hierarchies. Mary Wollstonecraft’s views even shocked fellow radicals. Whereas advocates of parliamentary reform such as Jeremy Bentham and John Cartwright had rejected the idea of female suffrage, Wollstonecraft argued that the rights of man and the rights of women were one and the same thing.
In 1793 Edmund Burke led the attack on the radicals in Britain. He described the London Corresponding Society and the Unitarian Society as “loathsome insects that might, if they were allowed, grow into giant spiders as large as oxen”. King George III issued a proclamation against seditious writings and meetings, threatening serious punishments for those who refused to accept his authority.
In June, 1793 Mary decided to move to France with the American writer, Gilbert Imlay. The following year, Mary gave birth to Fanny. After her relationship with Imlay came to an end she returned to London. Mary married William Godwin in March, 1797 and soon afterwards, a second daughter, Mary, was born. The baby was healthy but the placenta was retained in the womb. The doctor’s attempt to remove the placenta resulted in blood poisoning and Mary died on 10th September, 1797.
Mary Wollstonecraft, Anglo-Irish feminist, intellectual and writer (100%)
2. Susan B. Anthony, pioneer of women’s rights . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians. (96%)
3. Cleopatra, Egyptian ruler. Committed suicide by forcing an asp against her breast.. (92%)
4. Theodora, Byzantine empress originally famous for her comedy/strip tease/sex act until she married the Emperor Justinian the Great. She and her husband outlawed rape of lower class women. accelerated Catholic-Monophysite schism. Beliefs: Catholic (92%)
5. Thomas Jefferson, 3rd president of United States. Beliefs: Episcopalian; Deist (88%)
6. Benjamin Franklin, American politician, inventor, publisher and originator of aphorisms. Ardent competitive swimmer who developed swim fins. Beliefs: Presbyterian; Deist . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (84%)
7. Joan of Arc, ‘the Maid of Orleans’ was a 15th century Catholic Saint and national heroine of France. Burned at the steak for heresy. (80%)
8. Leonardo da Vinci, artist; inventor. Beliefs: Catholic A homosexual according to lambda.org . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (80%)
9. Queen Elizabeth I, British monarch; restored Church of England to power after Queen Mary. Beliefs: Anglican (80%)
10. Francis Bacon, English statesman, essayist, and philosopher, delineated inductive scientific method. Beliefs: Anglican A homosexual according to lambda.org (72%)
11. Jeremy Bentham, English jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. As requested in his will, his body was preserved and displayed in a wooden cabinet. (72%)
12. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam; conqueror of Arabia. Beliefs: Islam (72%)
13. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of telephone, worked with deaf. Beliefs: Unitarian/Universalist (68%)
14. Aristotle, influential Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.. Beliefs: Platonism / Greek philosophy A homosexual according to lambda.org (68%)
15. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Composer. Credited with more than 600 compositions. When he was five years old, he could both read and write music and had precocious skills as a keyboard and violin player. (68%)
16. Joseph Smith, founder of Mormonism, mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois. Killed by an angry mob. (64%)
17. Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist. Created first vaccine for rabies. Best known for inventing pasteurization. Advocated that doctors sanitize their hands and equipment before surgery. Before that, few doctors bothered to scrub up. Beliefs: Catholic (64%)
18. Archimedes, father of experimental science. Beliefs: Greek philosophy. During the Siege of Syracuse he was killed by a Roman soldier despite orders that he should not be harmed. (60%)
19. Charles Darwin, biologist; described evolution. Beliefs: Anglican (nominal); Unitarian (60%)
20. Lucrezia Borgia, Italian femme fatale, daughter of a pope. Her family was synonymous with political and sexual corruption. (60%)
21. Buddha. Gautama Buddha was a spiritual teacher from Ancient India and the founder of Buddhism. He is generally recognized by Buddhists as the Supreme Buddha (Sammâsambuddha) of our age. The time of his birth and death are uncertain: Best estimates are 400 or 500 years before Christ. Beliefs: Hinduism; Buddhism (56%)
22. Confucius, founder of Confucianism. His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. Five centuries before Christ he wrote ‘‘never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself.’’ (56%)
23. Plato, founder of Platonism. Beliefs: Platonism / Greek philosophy . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (56%)
24. Jesus Christ, founder/namesake of Christianity. Beliefs: Judaism; Christianity. Crucified (52%)
25. Johann Gutenberg, developed movable type; printed Bibles. Beliefs: Catholic (52%)
26. Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism and Lutheranism. Beliefs: Catholic; Lutheran . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (52%)
27. Pythagoras, mathematician, mystic and scientist . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (52%)
28. William Shakespeare, English playwright. Beliefs: Catholic; Anglican. Coiner of many common terms and phrases. (52%)
29. Catherine de Medici, Queen of France whose hatred of Protestants knew no bounds, and who ordered the Massacre of St Bartholomew in which thousands of Huguenots were killed. (48%)
30. Galileo Galilei, astronomer; accurately described heliocentric solar system. Beliefs: Catholic (48%)
31. Irene, empress of Byzantium, overthrew her son, she had him blinded in the room where she had given birth to him. (48%)
32. Johann Sebastian Bach, a composer whose works were practically forgotten for nearly a century, until Felix Mendelssohn called Bach a genius. Beliefs: Lutheran; Catholic (48%)
33. Karl Marx, founder of Marxism, Marxist Communism. Beliefs: Jewish; Lutheran; Atheist; Marxism/Communism (48%)
34. Ludwig van Beethoven, composer. Beliefs: Catholic (48%)
35. Michelangelo, painter; sculptor; architect. Beliefs: Catholic A homosexual according to lambda.org (48%)
36. Sigmund Freud, founded Freudian school of psychology/psychoanalysis (i.e., the ‘‘religion of Freudianism’‘). Beliefs: Jewish; atheist. Died of a posssibly unintentional morphine overdose (48%)
37. Socrates, philosopher A homosexual according to lambda.org. Forced to commit suicide by drinking hemlock juice. (48%)
38. Thomas Edison, inventor of light bulb, phonograph, etc. Beliefs: Congregationalist; agnostic (48%)
39. Albert Einstein, physicist; originated the theory of relativity, won Noble prize. Beliefs: Jewish . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (44%)
40. Attila the Hun, leader of the Hunnic Empire and warrior who reigned over an empire that stretched from central Asia into Germany, In Europe, he is remembered as the epitome of cruelty and rapacity. In other histories he lionized as a great and noble king (44%)
41. Benedict Arnold, now the synonym for ‘‘traitor’’, he was considered by many to be the best general in the Continental Army, but he switched sides to the British. Arnold was embittered and resentful toward Congress for passing him over for promotion and not approving or refunding his wartime expenses; Arnold himself had paid nearly all of the expenses of his force’s campaigns in Canada. (44%)
42. Euclid, mathematician; Euclidian geometry. Beliefs: Platonism / Greek philosophy (44%)
43. Galen, innovative Greek physician; surgeon to the gladiators, gained then-new anatomical knowledge; the profit motive, said Galen, incompatible with a devotion to the art of healing (44%)
44. Marcus Junius Brutus Not the first traitor in history, but the first to become famous. After fighting for the Roman Empire, commanded by his adoptive father, Julius Caesar, he joined another traitor, Cassius to take power. Not satisfied with the treason, he conspired to assassinate his father. The dying Caesar uttered the immortal ‘et tu Brute? ’ After the betrayal, Brutus led an army to dominate the Roman Empire, but was defeated by Marc Anthony. Defeated and perhaps feeling guilty, he committed suicide. (44%)
45. Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia; one of the greatest military minds in history; conquered much of what was then the civilized world. Beliefs: Greek state paganism A homosexual according to lambda.org (40%)
46. Julius Caesar, Roman general, dictator. Beliefs: Roman state paganism A homosexual according to lambda.org. Assassinated in Roman Senate (40%)
47. Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of U.S.; led during Civil War. Beliefs: Deist, general theist, once said, ‘When I do good, I feel good. When I do bad, I feel bad. That is my religion’. Assassinated. (36%)
48. Nicoli Machiavelli, wrote The Prince an influential political treatise. Beliefs: Catholic (36%)
49. Adolf Hitler, conqueror; dictator. Unsuccessful street artist. To many evil incarnate. Beliefs: born/raised in, but rejected Catholicism . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians. Committed suicide via gunshot/overdose of cyanide (32%)
50. Augustus Caesar, the grand-nephew and primary heir of Julius Caesar; first Roman emperor. Beliefs: Roman state paganism A homosexual according to lambda.org (32%)
51. Charlemagne, Holy Roman Empire created with his baptism in 800 AD. Beliefs: Catholic (32%)
52. Constantine the Great, Roman emperor, made a saint for completely legalized Christianity, also a murderous tyrant who killed his own wife and a son. Beliefs: Roman state paganism; Christianity (32%)
53. Dante Alighieri, poet. Exiled from his native Florence, He died never returning home (32%)
54. George Washington, first president of United States, military leader. Beliefs: Episcopalian (32%)
55. Hippocrates, Greek physician, known as the ‘father of medicine’. He is credited with being the first physician to reject superstitious beliefs that blamed supernatural or divine forces with causing illness. (32%)
56. Isaac Newton, physicist; theory of universal gravitation; laws of motion. Beliefs: believed in the Arianism of the Primitive Church . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (32%)
57. King David, biblical King of Israel, warrior, writer of psalms, slayer of giant Goliath. (32%)
58. Lenin, Russian revolutionary, political leader. Beliefs: Russian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism/Communism (32%)
59. Mohandas Gandhi, Indian leader and Hindu religious reformer. Beliefs: Hinduism; influenced by Jainism (mother was a Jain) . On the Veg-World.com list of famous vegetarians (32%)
60. Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer; taught heliocentricity. Beliefs: Catholic (priest) (32%)
61. Peter the Great, forged Russia into a great European nation. Beliefs: Russian Orthodox A homosexual according to lambda.org (32%)
62. Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus), astronomer, mathematician and geographer (32%)
63. St. Paul, proselytizer of Christianity. Beliefs: Judaism; Christianity. Was beheaded in Nreo-ruled Rome (32%)
64. Winston Churchill, British wartime prime minister. Died after suffering a stroke at age 90. Religion Anglican. (32%)
65. Tsai Lun, inventor of paper. Beliefs: Chinese traditional religion (28%)
66. Caligula, Roman Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus commonly known by his nickname Caligula. A noble and moderate ruler during the first two years of his rule, but soon changed to a cruel, extravagant, sexual perverse and insane tyrant.. He had people killed for his amusement. He referred to himself as a god, even dressing as gods Hercules, Mercury, Venus and Apollo. Assassinated by members of his own bodyguard and the Roman Senate. (24%)
67. Elagabalus, transsexual Roman emperor. He married and divorced five women, but his most stable relationship seems to have been with his chariot driver, whom he referred to as his husband. He also married a man named Zoticus, an athlete, in a public ceremony at Rome. Allegedly Elagabalus would paint his eyes, and wear wigs before prostituting himself in taverns and brothels. (24%)
68. Genghis Khan, Mongol conqueror. Founder and ruler of the Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in history. Beliefs: Mongolian shamanism (20%)
69. Henry VIII. English King known for his political struggles with Rome which led to the formation of the Anglican church. Henry wanted a male heir, to avoid rival claims to the crown. He married six women. Two marriages were annulled; two wives were beheaded, one died, one survived. Late in life, Henry became grossly overweight, covered with boils and had to be moved about with the help of mechanical inventions. (20%)
70. Aesop, fable composer, compiler and teller. Aesop met with a violent death at the hands of the inhabitants of Delphi, possibly because of his sarcasm and insults. (16%)
71. Christopher Columbus, explorer; led Europe to Americas. Beliefs: Catholic (12%)
72. Ferdinand Magellan, navigator; named Pacific Ocean; first circumnavigation of globe. Beliefs: Catholic (12%)
73. Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror in South America; defeated Incas. Beliefs: Catholic (12%)
74. Ivan The Terrible. Impulsive, intelligent with a fierce temper. In a rage killed his own son whom he had groomed to ascend to the throne. The surviving son, the mentally retarded Fyodor became tsar. (12%)
75. Marco Polo, explorer, was one of the first Westerners to travel the Silk Road to China. Kublai Khan took a liking to Marco, who was an engaging storyteller. Marco was sent on many diplomatic missions throughout Khan’s empire. The Khan appreciated Marco so much that he would not all him to return home to Venice until 17 years had passed (12%)
76. Moses, major prophet of Judaism. Beliefs: Judaism (12%)
77. Nero, Roman emperor. Famous for cruelty, matricide and fiddling while Rome burned. Beliefs: Roman Paganism (12%)
78. Simon Bolivar, National hero of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Beliefs: Catholic (nominal); atheist (12%)
79. Vlad the Impaler did not just impale his enemies, he also burned to death all the vagrants, disabled and mentally-ill people he could find. (12%)
80. William the Conqueror, laid foundation of modern England. Beliefs: Catholic (12%)
81. Maximilien Robespierre, de facto dictator. During the French Revolution/Reign of Terror he sent 1285 victims to the guillotine. Eventually, citizens turned on him and he was beheaded. (4%)
82. Joseph Stalin, revolutionary and ruler of USSR, mass murderer. Beliefs: Russian Orthodox; Atheist; Marxism. (0%)
83. Napoleon Bonaparte, French emperor, general. Beliefs: Catholic (nominal). Died in exile. (0%)
84. Oliver Cromwell, British political and military leader. Beliefs: Puritan (Protestant) (0%)
85. Tomas de Torquemada first Inquisitor General of Spain known for his zealous campaign against Jews, Muslims and other non-Christians. He used use of torture, anonymous denunciation to achieve convictions. (0%)
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